"Stille Nacht! Heilige Nacht!" from the c. 1860 “Autograph VI” version by Gruber.

"Stille Nacht! Heilige Nacht!" from the c. 1860 “Autograph VI” version by Gruber.

 

carols and caroling

The Victorians revived and popularized the tradition.  This was a natural offshoot of the idea of singing around the family piano or other instrument which was already a staple of Victorian home life.

Old words were put to new tunes and new songs were written. In fact, many carols that are still popular today were written and published in the 19th century.   These include:

1818 - Silent Night (based on the poem "Stille Nacht! Heilige Nacht!” written in 1816)

1819 - O Tannenbaum (revision of traditional tune)

1823 - The First Nowell (Original spelling)

1833 - I Saw Three Ships

1833 - God Rest Ye Merry Gentlemen

1843 – O Come all ye Faithful

1848 – Once in Royal David’s City

1849 - It Came Upon a Midnight Clear

1850 - Here We Come A-Wassailing (a Caroling)

1851 – See Amid the Winters Snow

1857 – Jingle Bells

1862 - Angels We Have Heard on High

1862 – Deck the Halls (with some lines of the current version added in 1877 and 1881)

1863 - We Three Kings of Orient Are

1868 – O Little Town of Bethlehem

1883 – Away in a Manger